Finn Erling Kydland

Finn Erling Kydland se narodil 1. prosince roku 1943 v jihozápadním Norsku na rodinné farmě v Soyland, Giesdal, je nejstarším ze šesti dětí a jeho výchova byla značně liberální. Od mládí se zajímal o matematiku a ekonomiku a jako mladý muž vedl účetnictví farmy zabývající se chovem norků, patřící jeho příteli.

Titul B.S. získal roku 1968 na Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration, titul Ph.D. pak obdržel v roce 1973 Carnegie Mellon University, USA.

Profesor Kydland přednáší v současné době na této universitě, tedy na Carnegie Mellon University v americkém Pittsburghu a také na University of California, Santa Barbara, CA, USA.

Ve své práci se spolu se svým společně oceněným kolegou Edwardem C. Prescottem zaměřili na objasnění fungování hospodářských cyklů a zkoumání sil, které řídí výkyvy hospodářského cyklu i ekonomické politiky. Jejich práce se netýkala pouze ekonomické analýzy, ale dle Akademie přispěla i k praktické aplikaci měnové i fiskální politiky v řadě zemí světa.

Finn E. Kydland je také dobrým sportovcem – hraje v Pittsburghu místní fotbalovou ligu pro lidi nad padesát let a velmi rád jezdí na rychlých závodních motorkách, zvláště pak na svém vlastním stroji značky Ducati.

Kydland je mj. od roku 1992 členem Econometric Society a držitelem ceny Alexandera Hendersona, udělené mu v roce 1973 na Carnegie Mellon.

F. E. Kydland je podruhé ženatý. Z prvního manželství s Liv Kjellevold má čtyři děti – Marty, Eirika, Camillu a Kari. Jeho druhou ženou je od roku 2004 Tonya Schooler, se kterou se podílí na výchově Joela a Rachel.

Knihy:

Public Works in Their International Aspect, New Fabian Research Bureau Publication No. 4, London (1933).

The Rate of Interest in a Progressive State, London, Macmillan Company (1933).

Consumer´s Credits and Unemployment, London, Oxford University Press (1938).

An Introduction to Economic Analysis and Policy, London, Oxford University Press (1936). American Edition edited by C.J. Hitch, with an Introduction by A.H. Hansen, New York, Oxford University Press (1938).

The Economic Basis of a Durable Peace, London, Oxford University Press (1940).

National Income and Expenditure, with J.R.N. Stone, London, Oxford University Press (1944).

Planning and the Price Mechanism: the Liberall Socialist Solution, London, George Allen & Unwin (1948); New York, Macmillan Company (1949).

The Theory of International Economic Policy: I. The Balance of Payments, London and New York, Oxford University Press (1951). Two volumes with Mathematical Supplement.

A Geometry of International Trade, London, George Allen & Unwin (1952); New York, A. Kelley (1969).

The Theory of International Economic Policy: II. Trade and Welfare, London and New York, Oxford University Press (1955). Two volumes with Mathematical Supplement.

The Atlantic Community and the Dollar Gap, London, Friends of the Atlantic Union (1953).

Problems of Economic Union, The Charles R. Walgreen Foundation Lectures, Chicago, University of Chicago Press (1953).

The Theory of Customs Unions. The De Vries Lectures, Vol. I, Amsterdam, North-Holland Publishing Company (1955).

The Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union, 1921-39: Lessons from an Early Experiment, Essays in International Finance, No. 25, Princeton, International Finance Section (1956).

Developments in Monetary Policy, Economic Papers No. 11, Issued by The Economic Society of Australia and New Zealand (South Wales Branch), Sydney (1956).

Japan and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, the Joseph Fischer Lectures in Commerce, Adelaide University, Adelaide, Adelaide University Press (1956).

Negotiations for Benelux: an Annotated Chronicle, 1943-56, Essays in International Finance, No. 6, Princeton, International Finance Section (1957).

The Control of Inflation, Inaugural Lecture, Cambridge University, London, Cambridge University Press (1958).

The Economic and Social Structure of Mauritius: Report to the Governor of Mauritius, (with others), London, Methuen (1961).

A Neo Classical Theory of Economic Growth, London, George Allen & Unwin (1961); revised new 2nd edition (1964).

Case Studies in European Economic Union: the Mechanics of Integration, with H.H. Liesner and S.J. Wells (eds.), and Introduction by Meade, London and New York, Oxford University Press (1962).

The United Kingdom, the Commonwealth and the Common Market, Hobart Paper No. 17, London, Institute of Economic Affairs (1962).

Efficiency, Equality and the Ownership of Property, London, George Allen & Unwin (1964).

Principles of Political Economy: I. The Stationary Economy, London, George Allen & Unwin (1965); Aldine Press (1965).

Principles of Political Economy: II. The Growing Economy, London, George Allen & Unwin (1968); Chicago, University of Chicago Press (1968).

The Theory of Indicative Planning, Lectures given at the University of Manchester, Manchester, Manchester University Press (1970).

Principles of Political Economy: III. The Controlled Economy, London, George Allen & Unwin (1971).

Wages and Prices in a Mixed Economy, the Wincott Memorial Lectures, London, Institute of Economic Affairs (1971), IEA Occasional Paper No. 35.

The Theory of Economic Externalities, Institut Universitaire des Hautes Etudes Internationales, Geneva (1973).

Economic Policy and the Threat of Doom, from Resources and Population, ed. by B. Benjamin, P. Cox and J. Peel, Academic Press (1973).

Preference Orderings and Economic Policy, from Economic Theory and Planning: Essays in Honour of A.K. Dasgupta, ed. by Ashok Mitra (1974).

The Intelligent Radicaľ s Guide to Economic Policy, George Allen & Unwin (1975).

Principles of Political Economy, Vol. IV, The Just Economy, George Allen & Unwin (1976).

Články:

„Technical Improvement in Agriculture as a Cause of General Depression“, Journal of Proceeding of the Agricultural Economics Society, Vol. II, No. 3 (June 1933).

„International Economic Co-operation“, Journal of Proceedings of the Agricultural Economics Society, Vol. II, No. 4 (November 1933).

„The Amount of Money and the Banking System“, Economic Journal, Vol. 44 (March 1934), 77-83.

„The Elasticity of Substitution and the Elasticity of Demand for One Factor of Production“, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 1 (February 1934), 152-53.

„The Elasticity of Substitution and the Incidence of an Imperial Inhabited House Duty“, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 1 (February 1934), 149-52.

A Simplified Model of Mr. Keynes´ System“, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 4 (February 1937), 98-107.

(with P.W.S. Andrews) „Summary of Replies to Questions on Effects of Interest Rates“, Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 1 (October 1938), 14-31. Reprinted in T. Wilson and P.W.S. Andresw (eds.), Oxford Studies in the Price Mechanism, London, Oxford University Press (1951), 27-30.

(with R. Stone) „The Construction of Tables of National Income, Expenditure, Savings and Investment“, Economic Journal, Vol. 51 (June-September 1941), 216-33.

(with R. Stone and D.G. Champernowne) „The Precision of National Income Estimates“, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 9, No. 2 (1942), 111-25.

„Price and Output Policy of State Enterprise“, Economic Journal, Vol. 54 (December 1944), 321-28.

„Mr. Lerner on ´The Economics of Control´“ /Review/, Economic Journal, Vol. 55 (April 1945), 47-69.

Bretton Woods, Havana and the United Kingdom Balance of Payments“, Lloyds Bank Review, Vol. 7 (January 1948), 1-18.

„Financial Policy and the Balance of Payments“, Economica (N.S.), Vol. 15 (May 1948), 101-15.

„National Income, National Expenditure, and the Balance of Payments“, Part I, Economic Journal, Vol. 58 (December 1948), 483-505; Part II, Economic Journal, Vol. 59 (March 1949), 17-39.

„Planning without Prices“, Economica (N.S.), Vol. 15 (February 1948), 28-35.

„A Geometrical Representation of Balance of Payments Policy“, Economica (N.S.), Vol. 16 (November 1949), 305-20.

Degrees of Competitive Speculation“, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 17, No. 3 (1950), 159-67.

„A Union of Free Peoplees, I. Defence; II. An Agenda for Economic Welfare; III. International Institutions; IV. Regional versus Universal Approach“, The Listener (August 3, 10, 17 and 24, 1950).

„The Equalization of Factor Prices: The Two-Country Two-Factor Three-Product Case“, Metroeconomica, Vol. 2 (December 1950), 129-33.

„The Removal of Trade Barriers: The Regional vs. the Universal Approach“, /Review/, Economica (N.S.), Vol. 18 (May 1951), 184-98.

„Some Economic Problems of Atlantic Union Rearmament“, Lloyds Bank Review, Vol. 22 (October 1951), 35-51.

„Bretton Woods, GATT and the Balance of Payments: A Second Round?“, Three Banks Review, Vol. 16 (December 1952), 3-22.

„External Economies and Diseconomies in a Competitive Situation“, Economic Journal, Vol. 62 (March 1952), 54-67.

„The Convertibility of Sterling“, Three Banks Review, Vol. 19 (September 1953), 3-26.

„The Case for Variable Exchange Rates“, Three Banks Review, Vol. 27 (September 1955), 3-27. Reprinted in Smith and Teigen (eds.), Readings in Money, National Income and Stabilization Policy, Chicago, Richard D. Irwin, Ltd. (1965).

„Outside Europe´s Market, I. The British Dilemma; II. A Free Trade Area“, Manchester Guardian (March 14 and 15, 1956).

„Benelux: The Formation of the Common Customs“, Economica (N.S.), Vol. 23 (August 1956), 201-13.

„The Price Mechanism and the Australian Balance of Payments“, Economic Record, Vol. 32 (November 1956), 239-56. Reprinted in Arndt and Corden (eds.), The Australian Economy, Melbourne, F.W. Cheshire (1963).

„The Balance-of-Payments Problem of a European Free-Trade Area“, Economic Journal, Vol. 67 (September 1957), 379-96.

„Japan and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade“, Three Banks Review, Vol. 33 (June 1957), 3-32.

(with E.A. Russell) „Wage Rates, the Cost of Living, and the Balance of „Payments“, Economic Record, Vol. 33 (April 1957), 23-28.

„Is the National Debt a Burden?“, Oxford Economic Papers (N.S.), Vol. 10 (June 1958), 163-83.

„A Correction“, Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 11 (February 1959), 109-10. Reprinted in Ferguson (ed.), „Public Debt and Future Generations, Chapel Hill, University of North Carolina Press (1964).

„The Public Debt Reconsidered: A Reply“, Review of Economics and Statistics, Vol. 42 (August 1960), 325-26.

„Mauritius: A Case Study in Malthusian Economics“, Economic Journal, Vol. b71 (September 1961), 521-34.

„The Future of International Trade and Payments“, Three Banks Review, Vol. 50 (June 1961), 15-38. Reprinted in Factors Affecting US Balance of Payments, Washington, Joint Economic Committee (1962), 239-52.

„The Belgium-Luxembourg Economic Union, 1921-39“, in J.E. Meade (ed.), Case Studies in European Economic Union: The Mechanics of Integration, London, New York and Toronto, Oxford University Press (1962), 15-57.

„The Effect of Savings on Consumption in a State of Steady Growth“, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 29 (June 1962), 227-34.

(with others) „Welfare Criteria: An Exchange of Notes“, Economic Journal, Vol. 72 (March 1962), 226-44.

„Review of: Conflict and Defence by K.E. Boulding, The Strategy of Conflict by T.C. Shelling, and Fights, Games and Debates by A. Rapoport“, Economic Journal, Vol. LXXIII, No. 290 (June 1963).

The Adjustment of Savings to Investment in a Growing Economy“, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 30 (October 1963), 151-66.

„The Future of International Trade and Payments: A Comment“, Outlook, Washington, D.C.: US Balance of Payments Joint Economic Committee (1963), 241-43.

„The Rate of Profit in a Growing Economy“, Economic Journal, Vol. 73 (December 1963), 665-74.

„International Commodity Agreements“, Lloyds Bank Review, Vol. 73 (July 1964), 28-42.

„The International Monetary Mechanism“, Three Banks Review, Vol. 63 (September 1964), 3-25.

(with F.H. Hahn) „The Rate of Profit in a Growing Economy“, Economic Journal, Vol. 75 (June 1965), 45-48.

„UK, the Commonwealth and the Common Market: A Reappraisal“, W.L. Lees et al. (eds.), Freedom or Free-For-All?: Essays in Welfare, Trade and Choice, Hobart Papers, Vol. 3, London, Institute of Economic Affairs (1965), 95-156.

„Exchange-Rate Flexibility“, Three Banks Review, Vol. 70 (June 1966), 3-27. Reprinted in International Payments Problems, Washington, D.C.: American Enterprise Institute for Public Policy Research (1966), 67-82.

„The Future of International Payments“ /Review/, Three Banks Review, Vol. 50 (June 1961), 15-38. Reprinted in F.B. Jensen and I. Walter (eds.), Readings in International Economic Relations, New York, Ronald Press Company (1966), 254-68.

„The International Monetary Mechanism“, Three Banks Review, Vol. 56 (September 1964), 3-25. Reprinted in M.G. Mueeller (ed.), Readings in Macroeconomics, New York, Holt, Rinehart and Winston, Inc. (1966), 386-97.

„Life-cycle Savings, Inheritance and Economic Growth“, Review of Economic Studies, Vol. 33 (January 1966), 61-78.

„The Outcome of the Pasinetti Process: A Note“, Economic Journal, Vol. 76 (March 1966), 161-65.

„Determinants of Inequality in a Property-Owning Democracy“ (from Meade, Efficiency, Equality and the Ownership of Property, 1964), reprinted in E.C. Budd (ed.), Inequality and Poverty, New York, Norton (1967), 105-13.

„Gold and Reform: Other Views“, in Hinshaw, R. (ed.), Monetary Reform and the Price of Gold, Baltimore, Jonhs Hopkins Press (1967), 123-25.

(with C.J. Hitch) „How Should Income be Distributed?“ (from their „An Introduction to Economic Analysis and Policy“, 1938), reprinted in E.C. Budd (ed.), Inequality and Poverty, New York, Norton (1967), 1-5.

„Population Explosion, the Standard of Living and Social Conflict“, Economic Journal, Vol. 77 (June 1967), 233-55.

„Towards a Property-Owning Democracy“ (from Meade, Efficiency, Equality and the Ownership of Property, 1964), reprinted in E.C. Budd (ed.), Inequality and Poverty, New York, Norton (1967), 114-22.

„Is ´The New Industrial State´ Inevitable?“ (Review), Economic Journal, Vol. 78 (June 1968), 372-92.

„The Use of a Social Welfare Function for Planning Purposes in a Free Enterprise Economy“, Economic Studies Quarterly, Vol. 21, No. 3 (December 1970), 19-41.

„The Theory of Labour-Managed Firms and of Profit Sharing“, Economic Journal, Vol. 82 (March 1972), 402-28.

„Poverty in the Welfare State“, Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 24, No. 3 (November 1972), 289-326.

„The Inheritance of Inequalities“, Proceedings of the British Academy, Vol. LIX (1973).

„A Note on Border-Tax Adjustments“, Journal of Political Economy (Sept./Oct. 1974).

„The Optimal Balance between Economies of Scale and Variety of Products“, Economica (November 1974).

„Labour-Managed Firms in Conditions of Imperfect Competition“, Economic Journal (December 1974).

„The Keynesian Revolution“ in Essays on John Maynard Keynes, Milo Keynes (ed.), 1975.

 

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Finn Erling Kydland